Wikipedia’s community calls for anti-SOPA blackout January 18

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Today, the Wikipedia community announced its decision to black out the English-language Wikipedia for 24 hours, worldwide, beginning at 05:00 UTC on Wednesday, January 18 (you can read the statement from the Wikimedia Foundation here). The blackout is a protest against proposed legislation in the United States —the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) in the U.S. House of Representatives, and the PROTECTIP Act (PIPA) in the U.S. Senate— that, if passed, would seriously damage the free and open Internet, including Wikipedia.
This will be the first time the English Wikipedia has ever staged a public protest of this nature, and it’s a decision that wasn’t lightly made. Here’s how it’s been described by the three Wikipedia administrators who formally facilitated the community’s discussion. From the public statement, signed by User:NuclearWarfare, User:Risker and User:billinghurst:

It is the opinion of the English Wikipedia community that both of these bills, if passed, would be devastating to the free and open web.

Over the course of the past 72 hours, over 1800 Wikipedians have joined together to discuss proposed actions that the community might wish to take against SOPA and PIPA. This is by far the largest level of participation in a community discussion ever seen on Wikipedia, which illustrates the level of concern that Wikipedians feel about this proposed legislation. The overwhelming majority of participants support community action to encourage greater public action in response to these two bills. Of the proposals considered by Wikipedians, those that would result in a “blackout” of the English Wikipedia, in concert with similar blackouts on other websites opposed to SOPA and PIPA, received the strongest support.

On careful review of this discussion, the closing administrators note the broad-based support for action from Wikipedians around the world, not just from within the United States. The primary objection to a global blackout came from those who preferred that the blackout be limited to readers from the United States, with the rest of the world seeing a simple banner notice instead. We also noted that roughly 55% of those supporting a blackout preferred that it be a global one, with many pointing to concerns about similar legislation in other nations.

In making this decision, Wikipedians will be criticized for seeming to abandon neutrality to take a political position. That’s a real, legitimate issue. We want people to trust Wikipedia, not worry that it is trying to propagandize them.
But although Wikipedia’s articles are neutral, its existence is not. As Wikimedia Foundation board member Kat Walsh wrote on one of our mailing lists recently,

We depend on a legal infrastructure that makes it possible for us to operate. And we depend on a legal infrastructure that also allows other sites to host user-contributed material, both information and expression. For the most part, Wikimedia projects are organizing and summarizing and collecting the world’s knowledge. We’re putting it in context, and showing people how to make sense of it.

But that knowledge has to be published somewhere for anyone to find and use it. Where it can be censored without due process, it hurts the speaker, the public, and Wikimedia. Where you can only speak if you have sufficient resources to fight legal challenges, or, if your views are pre-approved by someone who does, the same narrow set of ideas already popular will continue to be all anyone has meaningful access to.

The decision to shut down the English Wikipedia wasn’t made by me — it was made by editors, through a consensus decision-making process. But I support it.
Like Kat and the rest of the Wikimedia Foundation Board, I have increasingly begun to think of Wikipedia’s public voice, and the goodwill people have for Wikipedia, as a resource that wants to be used for the benefit of the public. Readers trust Wikipedia because they know that despite its faults, Wikipedia’s heart is in the right place. It’s not aiming to monetize their eyeballs or make them believe some particular thing, or sell them a product. Wikipedia has no hidden agenda: it just wants to be helpful.
That’s less true of other sites. Most are commercialy motivated: their purpose is to make money. That doesn’t mean they don’t have a desire to make the world a better place –many do!– but it does mean that their positions and actions need to be understood in the context of conflicting interests.
My hope is that when Wikipedia shuts down on January 18, people will understand that we’re doing it for our readers. We support everyone’s right to freedom of thought and freedom of expression. We think everyone should have access to educational material on a wide range of subjects, even if they can’t pay for it. We believe in a free and open Internet where information can be shared without impediment. We believe that new proposed laws like SOPA –and PIPA, and other similar laws under discussion inside and outside the United States– don’t advance the interests of the general public. You can read a very good list of reasons to oppose SOPA and PIPA here, from the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
Why is this a global action, rather than US-only? And why now, if some American legislators appear to be in tactical retreat on SOPA?
The reality is that we don’t think SOPA is going away, and PIPA is still quite active. Moreover, SOPA and PIPA are just indicators of a much broader problem. All around the world, we’re seeing the development of legislation intended to fight online piracy, and regulate the Internet in other ways, that hurt online freedoms. Our concern extends beyond SOPA and PIPA: they are just part of the problem. We want the Internet to remain free and open, everywhere, for everyone.
On January 18, we hope you’ll agree with us, and will do what you can to make your own voice heard.
Sue Gardner,
Executive Director
Take action: If you’re a US citizen, contact your representative to let them know you oppose SOPA and PIPA.

Archive notice: This is an archived post from, which operated under different editorial and content guidelines than Diff.

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While I too strongly oppose the SOPA and PIPA legislation, I’m wondering if there is any concern about taking such action from the standpoint that there are legal restrictions on what lobbying 501(c)3 organizations are allowed to do? Has this been considered by the legal team?

This country was founded on the principles of freedom of speech and liberty for all. Let it remain that way for future generations to come. Wikipedia is my source of information: dictionary, poetry, history, music and much more.It only takes one click of the mouse and a world of knowledge is at my command! I agree with you for a free and open internet for everyone in the world. I wish you luck in pursuing your goal. May God bless your effort, and may you win your fight. Kind Regards, Andrew Crisci.

[…] going in the dark for 24 hours In a move that even surprised me, Wikipedia's community decided to black out the entire English section for 24 hours in protest of SOPA and PIPA. I've heard of other sites […]

Sounds like a difficult decision to make, and while I’ll miss Wikipedia- even for just 24 hours!- I fully support the position you’ve chosen to take against the proposed legislation.

I totally agree

On your side, guys. Let’s hope we can find a way to fight online piracy without compromising the freedoms of innocent people.

Smart move. Thank you.

I was at first very irritated when I saw that Wikipedia was taking a political stand on any issue, I actually had no knowledge of these bills and after reading these bills, not only am I too very opposed to them but I also understand the threat these bills pose to Wikipedia itself, and because these bills are not simply a way for Wikipedia to push their own political agenda, but rather to ensure their survival, I fully support your decision.
Donald Langhorne

Hurrah for wikipedia!Finally some backbone.

I wholeheartedly support this action on the part of Wikipedia. The federal government is overstepping their authority, at the manipulation of the big business lobby. The record companies have failed to re-invent themselves to keep up with the digital revolution. The software companies continue to come up with “newer” updated versions of software when the current or original version is just fine. The anti-virus companies keep creating newer versions of their applications, and they likely are the ones who are creating the viruses and trojans in the first place, to support their multi-billion dollar industry. Our elected officials in DC… Read more »

This possibility is uncommonly alarming. I support your action. Although retired and low on energy, this shook me loose. I’m likely to call my senators tomorrow, as well as my excellent Rep., Ed Markey.
We live in a time when de-civilizing influences are quite strong; sometimes, they are so stupid that they disable themselves, but many others, equally bad, require strong countermeasures.
I’m user Nikevich on Wikipedia, not that that matters much.
I also was delighted that the “alternate-dialect” spelling was quickly corrected; were it not, you surely would have heard from me!
Best regards,

This possibility is uncommonly alarming. I support your action. Although retired and low on energy, this shook me loose. I’m likely to call my senators tomorrow, as well as my excellent Rep., Ed Markey. We live in a time when de-civilizing influences are quite strong; sometimes, they are so stupid that they disable themselves, but many others, equally bad, require strong countermeasures. (I just finished reading Chas. Pierce’s _Idiot America_.) I’m user Nikevich on Wikipedia, not that that matters much. I also was delighted that the “alternate-dialect” spelling was quickly corrected; were it not, you surely would have heard from… Read more »

I like this Wikipedia

I Agree! Smart move.

I was in a “What the hell . . .” mode when I read of the shut down so I clicked the ‘more’ button to find out why. I am a wikipedia junkie and count on it to get information on just about everything. However, if you’re not available because of overreaching US legislation created by the US House of Representatives (SOPA) and the US Senate (PIPA), then we all lose! and we will all lose more than we can know. The 2 bills have not been passed and as I understand it, have been told they will not be… Read more »

It will cost you too much to examine everything submitted for violations of SOPA and PIPA, if these laws pass. It’s simply not practical. I suggest that the next step is to announce, in the tradition of civil disobedience, that you will not make any changes to the way that wikipedia works, if these laws pass.

I concur totally

As a member of the “Wikipedia community”, I am extremely disappointed with the rapidity with which this pivotal decision was made. Due to the short notice, I had no say in this matter. And now that SOPA is effectively dead, this “nuclear” option is being exercised without a clear and present danger to Internet freedom.
There is no way this blackout should go forward.

[…] English Language Wikipedia for 24 our in Protest against the SOPA and PIPA. Read the full article here. I just wanted to know whats your opinion? I'm sure this has been asked before. Fallout […]

Well. Looks like I’m going to have an unfinished essay, but this is for the greater good and SOPA better not get passed or it’ll be like this all day, everyday.

I agree with the Wikipedia protest to stop what these baffoons in public office are doing to this country.

plus i agree with wastrel

I completely agree and endorse this course of action. When is society going to recognise that the onus should be on the people themselves and not the responsibility of legislators as a whole. A whole number of things are out there on the internet that a majority of people are going to have a problem with. Here’s an idea; don’t look at it.

you got my support.

Just count me as another supporter of this protest.

who cares about you?

Interesting that the land of the free and champion of democracy is again showing its true colours.

Who is for and against SOPA?…
The Wikipedia community is, overall, against SOPA and English Wikipedia is blacking out in protest on January 18, 2012.

I’m in.

Internauts are, by definition, frontierless, as it is knowledge. It is very sad a government use tricks to disguise an inquisitional censorship law.
Akalank Pukuy
ps: Sorry: English is not my mother tongue.

The issues go far beyond the U.S. Everyone supports anti-piracy. But these laws written by people who don’t understand the negative implications, kill the golden goose. If these pass: – legitimate search results can be censored. Sites can be shut down for copyright breach however small. Almost every expert’s advice is ignored as internet security breaks. “Safe harbor” (DMCA) is removed. Massive armies of censors are needed. Sites are destroyed that rely on on user contribution and participation. There is in practice little scope for proper hearing, notice or due process in most cases. Free speech is silenced. No proof… Read more »

IF that bill is passed, then the internet will die a most unwanted death. If it doesn’t, then I would be pleased. If the internet will cost money to surf the web, then I will never use the internet ever again, and my writing career will be over.

This blackout is needed to give people a taste of what is likely to happen if SOPA and PIPA pass. My only regret is that it’s just the English Wikipedia and not all languages as this is a truly global threat. Nevertheless this was a hard decision but it was the right one. It isn’t Wikipedia breaking its neutrality, it’s Wikipedia protecting its mission and its freedom.

Well done Wikipedia!! I agree.

I applaud this courageous act. The WWW should be a free and open place without censorship.
Long live Wikipedia!

It’s going to be a challenge entertaining myself for 24 hours without Wikipedia but I’m behind you and I think it’s the right thing to do. I hope that going without for 24 hours will make people realize how worse off we would all be if Wikipedia went offline for good.
Keep up the good work, and thank you!

Just shows how much control US editors have. They want to use this protest to drive overseas editors away. We’ve seen this happen to Australian editors

i was agree with this move. i am always with wikipedia.

It is sad how our Lawmakers have been trying to push through Bills which are so off the wall lately, and we the people are told that we should just trust them. The recent Healthcare bill they tried to push through is a great example. The best of luck to you in your quest!

Wikipedia is making an important stand on this issue.

You people are delusional if you think that anyone ouside the US has any power to influence anything inside it. What the hell could I possibly do from Eastern Europe? Contact my Ministry of Foreign Affairs…. are you effing kidding me? 1) They wouldn’t give an ef about me, in this part of the world this is the standard operating proceedure in state-citizen relationships. 2) The mighty US don’t give an ef about anyone else on the planet especially when it comes to US internal affairs. That being said I have no idea why I am being punished for something… Read more »

it is good Website

@Yankiepedia: Participation was not limited to the U.S.. If you might feel driven away by 24 hours think how much more you’d feel driven away if this didn’t happen and mass editing has to end completely.

Can we open an RfC to encourage the WMF to re-incorporate in a country with better laws? And have the WMF mirror their servers elsewhere? Also, can we have a global blackout for India? This is rather disheartening. Black out just for the USA, or take pro-active steps to make sure the global movement won’t be impacted by American stupidity.

So glad someone has decided to stand up, I really hope other companies such as Google and Facebook join the fight as well. I support you 100% Mr. Wales/wikipedia.


I’ll miss you wikipedia, even if it’s only for a day. Wikipedia has integrity. Too bad there are politicians that don’t.

Rock on Wikipedia. Awesome. I don’t criticize you one bit.

I will miss my favourite website; I visit Wikipedia every day – sometimes several times in one day – but I believe you are doing the right thing.

I concur, Thanks